Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

We choose clones over seeds.

Here’s the quick version.

We choose clones over seeds for a few reasons. Certainty over uncertainty was the driving force for us. Hemp seed genetics are currently decades behind other commercially grown plants, despite white seed brokers say. Working with all-female clones reduces unforeseen labor costs and the headache of culling male plants. In 2019 most farmers who used seeds reported that 10% of the plants were male and an additional 10% did not germinate. This also means you will also have 100% confidence in the genetics and CBD ratio. The clones can be planted uniformly, and you can count on their root structure. And, rather than losing significant biomass, female clones are a more efficient investment for you. When you consider that most feminized seeds still prove to be 10% male, and then only 90% of those germinate when planted directly into the field, clearly clones are the way to go.

Want to know more?

The main problems with feminized hemp seeds relate to the cost and the risk of buying fraudulent seed. While unfeminized hemp seeds may cost $0.10 to $0.50 each, feminized seeds can cost much more – typically $0.70 to $1.50 per seeds. This means that if you plant 2000 seeds per acre, your cost might be $1,400 to $3,000 per acre.

This high price has attracted scammers to the industry who prey on farmers, selling unfeminized hemp seed (often totally unsuitable for CBD production) to unwary farmers at feminized seed pricing. For this reason, you should always insist on seeing test results when buying seed and only buy from trusted vendors. When we sow seed for customers, we always do a germination test on the seed stock for our farmers.

While seed breeders, brokers and farmers often get excited about their CBD content, boasting levels of 20% or even more, the most important numbers for CBD hemp farmers to look at and understand is the CBD:THC ratio. While high CBD is attractive the CBD content and the overall value of the crop is generally limited by THC regulations. In most states, THC levels must not exceed 0.3%. In some states and regions, this can be as low as 0.2% or as high as 1%.

Hemp seed breeders are all new to the game.  The experienced agricultural seed suppliers have not entered the market yet because they do not have confidence in seed stock at this time.  Most agricultural seeds have been perfected over the past three decades, Hemp seed breeding is just getting started and is still very risky.

But the devil is in the details. While most state and federal regulators and law enforcement will test for Total THC (THC + THCA) most seed merchants ignore THCA and will often claim their seeds have high CBD levels with <0.3% THC or even 0% THC. While it’s exciting to grow 20% CBD hemp flowers, if the THC content exceeds 0.3% your crop may be required to be destroyed.

Even if you live in a state which only tests for delta 9 THC and permits higher levels of THCA, it is difficult to ship this flower, so the market is limited, reducing the price. For this reason, most farmers harvest their crop at around 10% CBD well before peak flowering, to ensure they comply with <0.3% THC. Even then, this requires a CBD:THC ratio of 34:1. Most CBD hemp varieties have CBD:THC ratios of around 20:1 or 30:1.

Make sure you check this number and ask for examples of past crop tests to confirm the variety you are choosing meets these criteria. Over the next few years, we can expect to see clarification of THC levels by regulators, and the breeding of high CBD hemp varieties with ratios of 40:1 to 60:1.

What is industrial hemp?
Industrial hemp is a cannabis plant that tests below 0.3% in THC, which means it is not capable of getting people “high” or “stoned.” Hemp is not psychoactive, and it creates no negative side effects, whether physical, mental or legal. The only side effect it does offer is positively impacting your farm’s bottom line! Unlike marijuana, which is infamous for its THC, hemp is used in 50,000+ common applications, including medicine, rope, paper and clothing.
How does hemp differ from marijunana?
The simple way of looking at this topic is hemp and marijuana are like cousins. They are in the same cannabis family, but have completely different parents and live on the opposite ends of town. When a grower plants marijuana, he wants as much THC as possible because that’s what his customers want, whether medicinal patients or recreational users. On the other branch of the family tree, a hemp farmer wants the maximum amount of CBD from their crop, with no more than 0.3% THC which means it won’t make anyone “high.”
How does each work?
We used the cousins analogy above, so this time we’re going to pretend we’re driving on a freeway. The way CBD & THC activate within your body stems from dedicated receptors in your brain. Whether because you have pain, seizures, arthritis or just want to get high you know you need to get off and go to a store for some relief. Your brain is like the stoplight you reach at the bottom of the off-ramp. It has two kinds of receptors – kind of like a wide receiver has two hands.

If you turn left, that pass is THC. It is caught by your body’s endocannabinoid receptor system. Since that is the part of the brain that produces a natural high (dopamine for you science buffs), the body is tricked by the THC to give your head and body the same kind of reward or “buzz.” 

If, on the other hand, you turn right, that’s CBD or cannabidiols. Within your nervous system, you have receptors for a variety of different cannabinoids responsible for sleep, your immune system and injury response, to name just a few.  Industrial CBD hemp contains less than 0.3% THC. It doesn’t get you high, it gets to work trying to make you feel better.

Where is CBD derived from the hemp plant?
The hemp plants now being used for CBD products are usually harvested from the plant’s physical flowers, commonly associated with recreational cannabis. This is because the flower or “bud” is the most chemically robust or “fertile” part of the plant. While THC and CBD do share parts of the plant, their chemical makeup is completely different, and CBD goes through a rigorous refinement process that THC doesn’t. The safest form of non-toxic, alcohol-based solvent essentially strips away the CBD chemicals from the rest of the plant without damaging the integrity of the final product.
Why do people use hemp and CBD oil?
While clinical testing has just started thanks to recent legalization, anecdotally there are two strong reasons for integrating hemp and CBD into a wellness program. CBD oil is the concentrated form of the plant – cannabidiol — that offers healing properties and benefits for conditions like high blood pressure, seizures and depression. Also, popular dietary supplements are now being manufactured from the parts of the hemp plant that don’t contain CBD or THC.
What are the health benefits & uses of CBD products?
From treating chronic pain and arthritis to depression and asthma, there are hundreds of conditions where CBD oil can be a viable alternative to current consumer brands and products.
How else are CBD hemp plants used besides in a liquid suspension?
There are currently more than 50,000 known applications for hemp fiber including rope, paper and clothing. Literally, every part of the plant, from the seeds to the roots and leaves can be utilized or consumed. Industrial hemp is considered a renewable source because it grows and matures more rapidly than cotton and other plants.
How does someone use CBD oil?

There are many ways to ingest CBD oil, which is one of the reasons it has grown in popularity so quickly.  Here are some options:

Oils & Tinctures

     These can be particularly effective for people who struggle with swallowing pills and capsules. Drops of CBD oil are administered directly to your mouth’s absorbent capillaries, working their way through the bloodstream faster than many delivery mechanisms.

Creams & Lotions

    Topical creams and lotions are the fastest acting way to utilize CBD for chronic pain management and compromised joints. There are now even prescription CBD treatments for specific skin conditions that pair effectively with traditional pharmaceuticals.

Capsules & Pills

     Patients battling serious conditions including seizures, cancer, inflammation and anxiety often prefer capsules/pills as an easy, cost-effective way to ingest CBD oil.


     Edibles are sweet or savory food-based products that deliver CBD oil into your bloodstream. Some of the most popular and best tasting options today include gummies and hard candies, cookies and beverages.

What are the different types of cannabis and hemp clones?

There are many strains available and they all claim different characteristics. Our farming base focus is growing high CBD without going over the legal THC limits. We have perfected a stable strain called Sweetened, which will get you a 27:1 CBD to THC ratio and allow you to harvest at 8.5 % without going hot.

Where are these Clones located?

They come from Brighton, CO, a largely agrarian suburb northeast of Denver. We only use climate-controlled trucks for national shipping and we’re experts in logistics, moving xxxxxxx young plants annually.

Can CBD Hemp clones cross state lines?

It can, but it’s always a good idea to let your attorney know you have invested in this new crop and are about to start shipping it. Please remember there’s still probably the usual paperwork needed for the interstate transportation of any agricultural products. It’s also a safe choice to connect with your local DEA office, in case the clone shipment is large. Imagine losing your clones while waiting for the correct paperwork. While we stand by this information, we are not attorneys and not officially liable for these decisions.

What are the clone sizes?

We provide a 50-cell tray.  The plants are typically between 4” and 6” tall.  Naturally, the 50 cell trays have a more mature root structure than 72.

What is the typical lead time for clones when ordered?

Are these clones tested for bugs?

First of all, if a nursery guarantees they don’t have any bugs, run for the hills. All nurseries should test their clones for bugs, nutrient deficiencies, and bacteria.

Can hemp clones be shipped internationally?

CBD clones can now be shipped across state lines and other country’s borders. Pre-approval is required in some countries and the appropriate paperwork will be needed to any clones crossing state or international lines.

Naturally, as the nation’s laws and opinions about hemp and related products change, there are lots of questions. Whether you’ve never grown industrial hemp before, you just need some craft flower or would like a consultation on acquiring your hemp license, we guarantee you will enjoy working with us. If you have any questions at all, our friendly, knowledgeable staff is here for you.